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Gemstone Chart (A Searchable Collection of Precious/Semi-precious Stone Information)

This is a searchable collection of  international precious stone/gem. With its sparkle and color, a gem can mystify and intrigue people.  Most gemstone buyers purchase gems  for making jewelry.  But some buyers are gemstone collectors. The chart is  resource for your gemstone buying and collecting.
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Gemstone Chart
Natural AgateNatural Agate
Agate is a beautiful natural chalcedony stone, classified as a semi precious gem and has been used by people as early as the ancient Egyptians in and before 3000 BC! Agate is hard and tough enough to be incorporated into jewelry and other ornamental items.
Color: Blue, green, yellow,orange, brown, gray
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: SiO2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.530 - 1.539
Hardness: 6.5 - 7
Density: 2.57 - 2.64
Occurrence: Scotland, U.S.A., India, England, Italy, Brazil, Uruguay, Germany, Egypt, Indonesia, and many other localities.

Natural Aquamarine Natural Aquamarine
Aquamarine is a semi-precious gemstone frequently incorporated into some of the most modern, beautiful handmade jewelry in the world. It is most often found in shades of clear ocean blue, and is widely recognized as the March Birthstone and the gemstone for the 18th anniversary.
Color: Blue, Green-blue
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Be3Al2(SiO3)6
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.577(+-.016), 1.583 (+-.017)
Hardness: 7.5
Density: 2.67-2.745
Occurrence: Brazil, China, India, Madagascar, Mozambique, Russia, and U.S.A.

Natural Beryl Natural Beryl
Beryl is a semi-precious clear gemstone which usually comes in greens, yellows, and occasionally pinks, ands various shades thereof.
Color: Green, blue, pink, yellow, red
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Be3Al2(SiO3)6
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.577(+-.016), 1.583 (+-.017)
Hardness: 7.5
Density: 2.67-2.745
Occurrence: Austria, Columbia, Brazil, Russia, East Africa, Australia, Madagascar, South Africa, Zimbabwe, India, Pakistan, Zambia, Nigeria, U.S.A., Afghanistan

Natural Bi Color Tourmaline Natural Bi Color Tourmaline
Bi color tourmaline is the name given to tourmaline which displays more than one color in the same cystal.It is classified as a semi-precious stone.
Color: Green, red, yellow, orange. Brown, green, pink
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: (NaCa)(LI,MgFe,Al)9B3Si6(O,OH)31
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.624(+.005, -.005) - 1.644(+.006, -.006)
Hardness: 7-7.5
Density: 3.06 (.05, +.15)
Occurrence: East Africa, Brazil, USA, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Madagascar

Natural Brazilianite Natural Brazilianite
Brazilianite is a wonderful gemstone that is rare and hard to find. The main production area is in the Minas Gerais region of Brazil.
Color: yellow, greenish yellow
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: A hydrous sodium aluminum phosph
Crystal Group: Monoclinic
Refractive Index: 1.603 - 1.623
Hardness: 5.5
Density: 2.940 - 2.998
Occurrence: Minas Gerais, Brazil; New Hampshire, U.S.A.

Natural Chalcedony Natural Chalcedony
Chalcedony is a catch all term that includes many well known varieties of cryptocrystalline quartz gemstones. They are found in all 50 States, in many colors and color combinations, and in sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks.
Color: grayish, purple, white, green, blue, lavender, yellow, brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: SiO2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.530 - 1.539
Hardness: 6.5
Density: 2.57 C 2.64
Occurrence: Brazil, U.S.A. Germany, India, Uruguay, Austarlia, Egypt, Italy, Scotland, South Africa, Namibia, Madagascar, Mexico, Tanzania, and many other localities throughout the world.

Natural Chrysocolla Quartz Natural Chrysocolla Quartz
Chrysocolla quartz is chalcedony mixed with varying amounts of chrysocolla. The chrysocolla provides the robin's egg blue coloration, and the quartz provides sufficient hardness for use in jewelry.
Color: green, blue, white
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: SiO2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.544 - 1.553
Hardness: 7
Density: 2.66
Occurrence: Arizona, Mexico

Natural Dioptase Natural Dioptase
Dioptase is an intense emerald-green to bluish-green copper cyclosilicate mineral.Dioptase is a rather unusual gemstone that will rarely be found in your basic jewelry stores. It is a beautiful gemstone with a very unusual combination of green colors.
Color: Dark blue green, emerald green, or turquoise
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: CuSiO2(OH) 2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: RI 1.644 C 1.709
Hardness: 5
Density: 3.28 C 3.55
Occurrence: Russia, Tsumeb Namibia, California and Colorado USA, Congo, Zaire, Chile

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