Kilobars Bar Weight: 1000 gram(s) Purity: 995, 999, 999.9 Country or Area: Switzerland, Australia, South Africa, India The kilobar (1000 g) is the world's most widely manufactured and traded small gold bar.While almost all kilobars now have a flat "international" shape(Typical lengths range from 110-120 mm, thicknesses around 8-10 mm.), "traditional" kilobars in the shape of a brick(A typical length is 90 mm, thickness around 17 mm.) are still preferred by some investors and fabricators in Europe. Switzerland is the major supplier of kilobars for the international market,alongside South Africa and Australia. Another important market for kilobars is India.
London Good Delivery 400 oz Bars Bar Weight: 400 troy ounce(s)(1troy ounce=31.10348grams) Purity: Minimum gold purity: 99.5% Country or Area: United Kingdom London Good Delivery (LGD) bars contain approximately 400 troy ounces (12.5 kg) of fine gold.These large bars underpin gold dealing in the loco-London bullion market ¨C the world's most important physical gold market Most new LGD bars are produced by LBMA-accredited refiners from newly-mined gold. They are also produced by LBMA-accredited refiners from old gold scrap and non-accredited bars where there is a need for
their customers to trade large quantities of gold on the international market.
Tael Bars Bar Weight: 0.5,1,2,5,10 tael(s)(1tael=37.5grams) Popular Weight: 5 tael(s) Purity: 990, 999.9 Country or Area: China, Hongkong, Taiwan The tael is is an ancient Chinese unit of weight. Gold tael bars are widely traded in Chinese-speaking countries, mainly Hong Kong and Taiwan. Tael bars are known to have been made in denominations of 1/2, 1, 2, 5, and 10 taels, one tael is equivalent to 1.2 oz or 37.4 g. Cast tael bars are manufactured in 3 shapes: "biscuits","doughnuts" and "boats".
Tezabi Bars Purity: 99.9% Country or Area: Pakistan Tezabi bars are small cast bars manufactured by "backyard" smelters in Pakistan. The bars are not made to a precise weight, dependent on the amount of gold, usually old jewellery, melted in the crucible.
Baht Bars Bar Weight: 0.5,1,2,3,4,5,10,20,25,100 baht(s)(1baht=15.244grams) Popular Weight: 10 baht(s) Purity: 96.5% Country or Area: Thailand The baht is a Thai unit of weight.Baht Bars are widely manufactured in Thailand.The most popular is the 10 baht "biscuit" bar, equivalent to 152.44 g or 4.901 oz.
Tola Bars Bar Weight: 1,2,3,4,5,10 tola(s)(1tola=11.6638grams) Popular Weight: 10 tola(s) Purity: 999, 999.9 Country or Area: India The tola is an Indian unit of weight.It is a popular denomination for gold bullion bars in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Singapore. The most popular weight is the 10 tola cast bar, equivalent to 3.75 oz or 116.64 g. Tola bars are also manufactured in other weights: 5 tola cast bars, and 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 tola minted bars ¨C when round in shape, they are normally referred to as "coins" in India and the Middle East.
Chi Bars Bar Weight: 1,2,3,4,5,10 chi(s)(1chi=3.75grams) Popular Weight: 5 chi(s) Country or Area: Vietnam The chi is a Vietnamese unit of weight. 1 chi weighs 3.75 g. 10 chi (or 1 cay or 1 luong) weighs 37.5 g. Saigon Jewellery and Phu Nhuan (Vietnam) have minted chi gold bars since the early 1990s. PAMP(Switzerland) was the first among accredited manufacturers to produce a range of chi-denominated minted bars for Vietnam, in 1994.
Rainbow Bars Purity: 75% Country or Area: Japan Mitsubishi (Japan) manufactured experimental minted "rainbow" gold bars in 1993.The manufacturing process combined different carat gold
colour tones in order to create an infinite variety of attractive patterns.There are three main types of rainbow bars which have three types of patterns on them. They are Wood Grain Pattern,
Polka dots pattern and Textile pattern.
The COMEX Good Delivery 100 oz gold bar Bar Weight: 100 troy ounce(s)(1troy ounce=31.10348grams) Purity: Minimum gold purity:99.5% Country or Area: United States of America The COMEX Good Delivery 100 oz gold bar is a standard bar used in transactions on the New York Stock Exchange (NYMEX), COMEX Division. Commonly referred to as a "100 oz" bar, its weight can range between 95 oz and 105 oz.
Shanghai 3000 g Bars Bar Weight: 3000 gram(s) Purity: Minimum gold purity:99.95% Country or Area: China The Shanghai Good Delivery 3000 g gold bar is a standard bar used in transactions on the Shanghai Gold Exchange.
Gram Bars Bar Weight: 10,100,250,500 gram(s) Popular Weight: 100 gram(s) Country or Area: World wide Many manufacturers worldwide produce small cast gold bars, weighing 500 g and less. The most popular weights are 500 g, 250 g and 100 g.The smallest cast bar is the 10 g, manufactured by Umicore (Brazil) since 2006.
Troy Ounce Bars Bar Weight: 0.5,1,2,3,4,5,50 troy ounce(s)(1troy ounce=31.10348grams) Popular Weight: 1 troy ounce(s) Country or Area: Australia Few small cast gold bars in troy ounces are now made by accredited refiners. AGR Matthey (Australia) is the only accredited manufacturer to issue an extensive range: from 50 oz to 1/2 oz. The official stamp of The Perth Mint (Australia) has been recorded on its small cast bars since 1976.
Bars Issued by Banks Country or Area: World wide Many banks have issued cast gold bars, marked with their own name but manufactured by an external manufacturer. Swiss refiners dominate the manufacture of customized bars for banks in Europe and the Middle East.Important bank bars, traded internationally, include those issued by Commerzbank (Germany), Credit Suisse (Switzerland) and UBS (Switzerland).
Bas-Relief Bars Country or Area: Thailand In Thailand, gold bars with the manufacturer¡¯s marks in bas-relief are still widely traded. The marks, carved into the base of the bar mould, are
formed when molten gold is poured into the mould. This traditional method of marking cast bars eliminates the need for conventional marking tools: dies, punches and hammers. Most weights range between 10 baht and 100 baht.
Boat Bars Country or Area: Thailand, China, Hongkong Gold bars, described as "boats", are manufactured in Thailand, Hong Kong and China. The traditional "boat" shape has been used for silver and other Chinese coinage as far back as the Han dynasty (206 BC ¨C220 AD). Weight range: 2.5 baht to 20 baht (Thailand), 1 tael to 10 tael
(Hong Kong), 50 g to 1000 g (China).
Block Bars Bar Weight: 10 tael(s)(1tael=37.5grams) Country or Area: Hongkong In 1993, Hing Fung (Hong Kong) manufactured unusual gold "block" bars for the Hong Kong market. Weight: 10 taels.
Square Bars Country or Area: Australia, Thailand Square cast bars, widely manufactured in the past, are still produced in Australia and Thailand. AGR Matthey (Australia) has issued a square 1 oz bar since 1976. Lang Hong (Thailand) has issued square 1, 2 and 3 baht bars since 2005.
Round Bars Country or Area: Australia, Thailand Round cast bars are known to be manufactured in Australia and Thailand. AGR Matthey (Auistralia) has issued a round 1/2 oz bar since 1976. Toa Kang (Thailand) has issued round 1 and 3 baht bars since 1972.
Oval Bars Bar Weight: 1,2,3 baht(s)(1baht=15.244grams) Country or Area: Thailand Yoo Long Kim Kee is the first, among known manufacturers worldwide, to produce standard cast gold bars in an oval shape. Weights: 1, 2 and 3
baht. They were launched in 2000.
Twin-Coin Bars Bar Weight: 1,2,4,5 baht(s)(1baht=15.244grams) Country or Area: Thailand Yoo Long Kim Kee (Thailand) is the first known refiner to manufacture decorative cast gold bars to a precise weight through injecting gold,under pressure, into an enclosed mould. Known as "twin-coin" bars, they were first manufactured in 1992. Weights: 1, 2, 4 and 5 baht.
Yin-Yang Bars Bar Weight: 150 gram(s) Country or Area: Japan Ishifuku (Japan) manufactured unusual "Yin-Yang" gold bars from 1993 until 2001. The pair of innovative kidney-shaped bars depicts the Yen
religious symbol representing the harmony of opposites. Each bar weighs 150 g.
Bone Bars Bar Weight: 100 gram(s) Country or Area: Brazil Degussa (Brazil) manufactured a range of innovative gold bars in an unconventional "bone" shape in 1982. The Industry Collection includes a
100 g bar.
Doughnut Bars Country or Area: China, Hongkong, Thailand Gold bars, described as "doughnuts", are still manufactured in Hong Kong and Thailand. The doughnut is a traditional Chinese shape for
coinage. The hole enables many bars to be securely stacked together on wooden rods or bound together with string. Popular weights are the 1 tael (Hong Kong) and 2 baht (Thailand).
Coiled Bars Bar Weight: from 0.5 g to more than 100 g gram(s) Country or Area: India Crude "coiled" gold bars, in the shape of finger rings or bangles, have been popular in India for investment purposes for decades, not least over
the period 1963-1990, when it was illegal for Indians to own gold in the form of standard bars, but not illegal to own "jewellery". To facilitate their tradability, the coiled bars normally have precise weights, ranging from 0.5 g to more than 100 g. They are normally cut from cast strips of gold and then coiled.
Honeycomb Bars Bar Weight: 25 baht(s)(1baht=15.244grams) Country or Area: Thailand Loo Chang Huat (Thailand) still manufactures "honeycomb" gold bars by blowing on the surface of the molten gold as it cools. The cracked
surface enables the buyer to confirm that the bar is made entirely from gold. Although now rarely made, honeycomb bars were widely traded in
Thailand until the 1970s. Most weights exceed 25 baht.
Plate bars Purity: Minimum gold purity:99.5% Country or Area: Turkey Some refiners manufacture large quantities of "plate" gold bars, which are cut from a thick strip of rolled gold into irregular weights, normally for use by fabricators. The Industry Collection includes plate bars from Turkey.The gold purity is 99.5%. The bars, which bear the official stamp of the refiner, can weigh more than 1000 g.
Unmarked Refined Bars Country or Area: World wide Many refiners, large and small, manufacture cast bars in rectangular, rod and other shapes, which have no (or few) markings, for use mainly by fabricators and for internal use. Most have variable weights.
Mine Dore' Bars Purity: 99.5% Country or Area: World wide Most major mines process their gold-bearing ore at the site of the mine, producing low purity "dor¨¦" gold bars. The cast bars have variable weights, sometimes weighing as much as 25 kg, and have few or no markings. They are normally sent to gold refineries for further refining into bars of high purity (99.5% or more).
Garimpo Dore' Bars Bar Weight: from 18 g to 148 g gram(s) Purity: purity varies from 68% to 95%. Country or Area: Brazil "Garimpo" dor¨¦ gold bars are made by garimpeiros, Brazilian peasants who mine gold independently or in small groups. Garimpo cast bar weights in the Industry Collection range from 18 g to 148 g.
Melted Scrap Bars Bar Weight: 100 mesghal(s)(1mesghal=4.6083grams) Country or Area: Iran As there are no large refiners in Iran, small melting units recycle large quantities of old gold jewellery into "melted scrap bars", normally for use by fabricators. These rough gold bars have variable weights and purities.Once assayed and marked by a private assay laboratory, they are widely traded. The bars are normally priced per mesghal (4.6083 g),a traditional Iranian unit of weight. Weights can exceed 100 mesghal.
Fillet Bars Bar Weight: 5 troy ounce(s)(1troy ounce=31.10348grams) Country or Area: Australia Australian Gold Refineries, known as AGR Matthey since 2002, produced thin minted gold "fillet" bars in 1995 to record the marks applied at that
time to 400 oz bars manufactured by its gold refineries in Perth and Kalgoorlie. The bars weigh approximately 5 oz.
Model Bars Bar Weight: 3,5,10 Don(s)(1Don=3.75grams) Country or Area: Korea LG Metals (South Korea) issued, in 1991, a traditional range of gold "model bars" in the form of pigs (a symbol of wealth), toads (good fortune) and turtles (longevity). Denominated in dons, a Korean unit of weight, (1 don = 3.75 g), they are normally traded at a relatively low premium above the value of their gold content. Model bars in the Industry Collection weigh 3 don, 5 don and 10 don. They are popular as gifts of "money" at weddings and anniversaries.