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Gemstone Chart (A Searchable Collection of Precious/Semi-precious Stone Information)

This is a searchable collection of  international precious stone/gem. With its sparkle and color, a gem can mystify and intrigue people.  Most gemstone buyers purchase gems  for making jewelry.  But some buyers are gemstone collectors. The chart is  resource for your gemstone buying and collecting.
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Gemstone Chart
Natural AgateNatural Agate
Agate is a beautiful natural chalcedony stone, classified as a semi precious gem and has been used by people as early as the ancient Egyptians in and before 3000 BC! Agate is hard and tough enough to be incorporated into jewelry and other ornamental items.
Color: Blue, green, yellow,orange, brown, gray
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: SiO2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.530 - 1.539
Hardness: 6.5 - 7
Density: 2.57 - 2.64
Occurrence: Scotland, U.S.A., India, England, Italy, Brazil, Uruguay, Germany, Egypt, Indonesia, and many other localities.

Natural Apatite Natural Apatite
Apatite displays strong fluorescence under short wave ultra-violet light. There is a particularly intense and deeply saturated, geenish-blue (aka swiss blue) variety from Madagascar known as "Neon Apatite" that is becoming quite popular in the gem trade.
Color: yellow, green, below, violet
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Phosphate group
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.63-1.64
Hardness: 5
Density: 3.17-3.23
Occurrence: Burma, Ceylon, Madagascar, Mexico, Canada, India

Natural Aquamarine Natural Aquamarine
Aquamarine is a semi-precious gemstone frequently incorporated into some of the most modern, beautiful handmade jewelry in the world. It is most often found in shades of clear ocean blue, and is widely recognized as the March Birthstone and the gemstone for the 18th anniversary.
Color: Blue, Green-blue
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Be3Al2(SiO3)6
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.577(+-.016), 1.583 (+-.017)
Hardness: 7.5
Density: 2.67-2.745
Occurrence: Brazil, China, India, Madagascar, Mozambique, Russia, and U.S.A.

Natural Axinite Natural Axinite
Axinite is considered to be a semi-precious gemstone and while limited in nature, gems of good color and size are available, however, faceted stones above 1 carat are rare. Despite being a bit brittle, Axinites brilliance and sumptuous colors ranging from a rich clove color to a vivid blue, make it a exquisite and unique gemstone that is keenly sought after by collectors and connoisseurs alike. Currently, the most in demand colors of Axinite are the earth toned browns.
Color: Yellow, brown, violet, brownish red
Categories: semi-precious stone
Crystal Group: Triclinic
Refractive Index: 1.673 C 1.693
Hardness: 6.5 - 7
Density: 3.29
Occurrence: Baja CA, USA; Tanzania

Natural BenitoiteNatural Benitoite
Benitoite is considered to be a semi-precious gemstone. Very limited in nature and available from only one spot on earth (San Benito County, California), Benitoite is among the 10 rarest gemstones on earth
Color: Blue, white, colorless
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: BaTiSi3O6
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.757 C 1.804
Hardness: 6.5
Density: 3.65 C 3.68
Occurrence: San Benito County, California

Natural Beryl Natural Beryl
Beryl is a semi-precious clear gemstone which usually comes in greens, yellows, and occasionally pinks, ands various shades thereof.
Color: Green, blue, pink, yellow, red
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Be3Al2(SiO3)6
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.577(+-.016), 1.583 (+-.017)
Hardness: 7.5
Density: 2.67-2.745
Occurrence: Austria, Columbia, Brazil, Russia, East Africa, Australia, Madagascar, South Africa, Zimbabwe, India, Pakistan, Zambia, Nigeria, U.S.A., Afghanistan

Natural Chalcedony Natural Chalcedony
Chalcedony is a catch all term that includes many well known varieties of cryptocrystalline quartz gemstones. They are found in all 50 States, in many colors and color combinations, and in sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks.
Color: grayish, purple, white, green, blue, lavender, yellow, brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: SiO2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.530 - 1.539
Hardness: 6.5
Density: 2.57 C 2.64
Occurrence: Brazil, U.S.A. Germany, India, Uruguay, Austarlia, Egypt, Italy, Scotland, South Africa, Namibia, Madagascar, Mexico, Tanzania, and many other localities throughout the world.

Natural Chrysoberyl Natural Chrysoberyl
The Chrysoberyl family is best known for the more valuable alexandrite and catseye varieties. Faceted chrysoberyl is a beautiful gem which is not as well known in its own right. Apart from the high hardness, it takes a good polish and has a good luster.
Color: yellow, green, color changing, red, blue-green, greenish-yellow or brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: BeAl2O4
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.741 - 1.760
Hardness: 8.5
Density: 3.73
Occurrence: Ceylon, Tanzania, Russia, Madagascar, Brazil.

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