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Gemstone Cut Shape Chart

Cutting is the process whereby a rough stone is turned into a gemstone. A gem’s shape refers to the face-up outline displayed by the cut of a particular gemstone. Gemstones are cut in many shapes for use in jewelry. Cut shape is a crucial factor because it affects the brilliance and color of gems.
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There are many types of gem stone cuts in common use today. The reason for gem stone cuts varies from stone to stone. For the diamond, cutting the gem stone is needed to get the brilliance the diamond is famous for. The most commaon cuts are round cut, princess cut, oval cut, heart cut, marquise cut, pear cut, emerald cut, radiant cut, asscher cut and cushion cut.(See Diamond Shapes Chart)
Unlike diamonds, colored gems possess variable optical properties and are not cut to a uniform ideal.
Some types of gem stone cuts also are:
   Trilliant Cut
A trilliant cut is a type of gemstone cut, which is triangular, as the name suggests. It is sometimes called trillion, or trillian.
 The cut comes in two different variations, with curved and uncurved sides.usually with 43 or more facets. Because of their equilateral form, trilliants return substantial light and color to the eye.

   Baguette Cut
Baguette Cut is one of the earliest and simplest cuts employed to give gems their perfect shapes.
 Diamonds with baguette cut generally look longer and also resemble emeralds in shape.If you are looking for heavy diamonds, than you can go for Baguette Cut Diamonds because they are known to be heavier than the other machine cut diamonds.

  Half-Moon Shape
Half-moon shape have a straight edge on one side and curved side on the other.
 The early gemstonse cutters shaped half moons gems from broken rounds and ovals.  A well cut half moon shaped stone will show brightness and sparkle from end to end.Half moons are now a popular choice for side stones with cushion cut  rings.

Hexagon Cut
A hexagon is a polygon with six edges and six vertices. The total of the internal angles of any hexagon is 720 degrees.
 A hexagonal gemstone cut into a brilliant gem and gives the gemstone a unique look.

Gemstone Cutting Style

Checkerboard Cut
The checkerboard cut is a technique where the gem stone is cut into a multitude of square facets spaced regularly around the stones surface.
 Checkerboard gem cuts create amazing sparkle .This type of gem stone cuts is commonly used for garnets, topaz, citrines and amethysts or semi precious stones.

Rose Cut
Various forms of the rose cut have been in use since the mid 16th century. It is a variation of the cabochon where flat facets are polished into the curved surface of the cabochon cut stone.
 Rose cuts are seldom seen nowadays, except in antique jewelry.

Brilliant Cut
Brilliants cut include the oval, marquise or navette , heart, triangular trillion (also trillian or trilliant), and the pear or drop cuts. It takes best advantage of the optical properties of the stone and produce a finished gem with the maximum fire and brilliancy.
 Brilliants cut look the most like round brilliants and are therefore the most saleable. It is the most popular style of faceting for diamonds.

Cabochon Cut
Cabochon cut shape is rounded on the top and flat on the bottom. The gemstone cut known as cabochon is one of the most ancient methods of cutting gem stones. Cabochon Cutting is amongst the oldest forms of cutting.
The translucent honey-yellow to greenish or brownish yellow chatoyant chrysoberyl which, when cut with a cabochon show a mobile streak of light are called as cymophane or cat's eye chrysoberyl. Among the gem stones commonly cut in this fashion also are the star sapphire, star gem stones and the star ruby.

Step Cut
Step cut has rows of facets that resemble the steps of a staircase. A step cut gem has sloping, four-sided elongated facets that are cut below the table and run parallel to the stone’s girdle.
 Step cut stones are generally not as bright and never as fiery as brilliant cut stones, but rather accentuate a gemstone's clarity, whiteness, and lustre.

Mixed Cut
Mixed cut is frequently used for for rubies, sapphires and other colored gems. It includes faceting elements from both the brilliant and step cut techniques.
Mixed cuts combine the beauty of the Emerald cut with sparkle of the brilliant cut.

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