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Gemstone Chart (A Searchable Collection of Precious/Semi-precious Stone Information)

This is a searchable collection of  international precious stone/gem. With its sparkle and color, a gem can mystify and intrigue people.  Most gemstone buyers purchase gems  for making jewelry.  But some buyers are gemstone collectors. The chart is  resource for your gemstone buying and collecting.
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Gemstone Chart
Natural ActinoliteNatural Actinolite
Actinolite is a natural mineral with the chemical formula Ca2(Mg,Fe)5Si8O22(OH)2.the crystals have a hardness of 5.5 on Mohs scale, and there are two directions of cleavage. Natural actinolite is semi-precious to precious stone used in jewelry and other adornments.
Color: Green, Brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Amphibole Group
Crystal Group: Monoclinic
Refractive Index: 1.620 - 1.642
Hardness: 5.5
Density: 3.05
Occurrence: Tanzania

Natural AlexandriteNatural Alexandrite
Alexandrite was discovered in 1830 in the Ural mountains of Russia. Alexandrite is also found in Sri Lanka, Brazil, India, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, and most recently in Madagascar. The alexandrite variety of chrysoberyl is one of the rarest and most sought after of all gems.
Color: changing from green to red
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: BeAl2O4
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.741 - 1.760
Hardness: 8.50
Density: 3.73
Occurrence: Tanzania, India, Russia, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Zambia

Natural Axinite Natural Axinite
Axinite is considered to be a semi-precious gemstone and while limited in nature, gems of good color and size are available, however, faceted stones above 1 carat are rare. Despite being a bit brittle, Axinites brilliance and sumptuous colors ranging from a rich clove color to a vivid blue, make it a exquisite and unique gemstone that is keenly sought after by collectors and connoisseurs alike. Currently, the most in demand colors of Axinite are the earth toned browns.
Color: Yellow, brown, violet, brownish red
Categories: semi-precious stone
Crystal Group: Triclinic
Refractive Index: 1.673 C 1.693
Hardness: 6.5 - 7
Density: 3.29
Occurrence: Baja CA, USA; Tanzania

Natural Chalcedony Natural Chalcedony
Chalcedony is a catch all term that includes many well known varieties of cryptocrystalline quartz gemstones. They are found in all 50 States, in many colors and color combinations, and in sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks.
Color: grayish, purple, white, green, blue, lavender, yellow, brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: SiO2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.530 - 1.539
Hardness: 6.5
Density: 2.57 C 2.64
Occurrence: Brazil, U.S.A. Germany, India, Uruguay, Austarlia, Egypt, Italy, Scotland, South Africa, Namibia, Madagascar, Mexico, Tanzania, and many other localities throughout the world.

Natural Chrysoberyl Natural Chrysoberyl
The Chrysoberyl family is best known for the more valuable alexandrite and catseye varieties. Faceted chrysoberyl is a beautiful gem which is not as well known in its own right. Apart from the high hardness, it takes a good polish and has a good luster.
Color: yellow, green, color changing, red, blue-green, greenish-yellow or brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: BeAl2O4
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.741 - 1.760
Hardness: 8.5
Density: 3.73
Occurrence: Ceylon, Tanzania, Russia, Madagascar, Brazil.

Natural Chrysoberyl Cats Eye Natural Chrysoberyl Cats Eye
Chrysoberyl cats eye is a very rare and expensive gemstone which is found in small quantities in Sri-Lanka and Brazil. The cats eye is present because the stone has chatoyancy in its make up and this effect cause the eye which moves as the gem is gently turned .
Color: yellow, greenish yellow, yellowish green
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: BeAl2O4
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.741 - 1.760
Hardness: 8.5
Density: 3.73
Occurrence: Ceylon, Tanzania, Russia, Madagascar, Brazil.

Natural Chrysoprase Natural Chrysoprase
Chrysoprase is a gemstone variety of chalcedony or cryptocrystalline quartz, colored by trace amounts of nickel.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: SIO2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.544 - 1.553
Hardness: 7
Density: 2.65 - 2.66
Occurrence: Australia, Tanzania

Natural Enstatite Natural Enstatite
Enstatite is a relatively common mineral, but is rarely used for jewelry purposes. It is generally cut for gem connoisseurs and collectors rather than for the common consumer.
Color: Gray, green, brown, orange-brown, yellowish-brown, colorless, pale yellow.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: MgSiO3
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.663-1.673
Hardness: 5.5
Density: 3.26-3.28
Occurrence: South Africa, Burma, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Germany, Norway, Greenland

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