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Gemstone Chart (A Searchable Collection of Precious/Semi-precious Stone Information)

This is a searchable collection of  international precious stone/gem. With its sparkle and color, a gem can mystify and intrigue people.  Most gemstone buyers purchase gems  for making jewelry.  But some buyers are gemstone collectors. The chart is  resource for your gemstone buying and collecting.
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Crystal Group  Color


Gemstone Chart
Natural BenitoiteNatural Benitoite
Benitoite is considered to be a semi-precious gemstone. Very limited in nature and available from only one spot on earth (San Benito County, California), Benitoite is among the 10 rarest gemstones on earth
Color: Blue, white, colorless
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: BaTiSi3O6
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.757 C 1.804
Hardness: 6.5
Density: 3.65 C 3.68
Occurrence: San Benito County, California

Natural Calcite Natural Calcite
Calcite is a common mineral which occurs in transparent to semitranslucent forms in a wide variety of colors. Calcite is too soft to be of use in jewelry but, it is sometimes used in carvings or ornamental objects.
Color: white, yellow, pink
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: CaCO3
Crystal Group: Triclinic
Refractive Index: 1.486 - 1.658
Hardness: 3
Density: 2.7
Occurrence: Calcite is found all over the world.

Natural Chalcedony Natural Chalcedony
Chalcedony is a catch all term that includes many well known varieties of cryptocrystalline quartz gemstones. They are found in all 50 States, in many colors and color combinations, and in sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks.
Color: grayish, purple, white, green, blue, lavender, yellow, brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: SiO2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.530 - 1.539
Hardness: 6.5
Density: 2.57 C 2.64
Occurrence: Brazil, U.S.A. Germany, India, Uruguay, Austarlia, Egypt, Italy, Scotland, South Africa, Namibia, Madagascar, Mexico, Tanzania, and many other localities throughout the world.

Natural Chrysocolla Quartz Natural Chrysocolla Quartz
Chrysocolla quartz is chalcedony mixed with varying amounts of chrysocolla. The chrysocolla provides the robin's egg blue coloration, and the quartz provides sufficient hardness for use in jewelry.
Color: green, blue, white
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: SiO2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.544 - 1.553
Hardness: 7
Density: 2.66
Occurrence: Arizona, Mexico

Natural Clinohumite Natural Clinohumite
Clinohumite is a rare mineral and an especially rare gemstone. It is a member of the humite group of minerals, which includes humite, clinohumite, chondrodite, and norbergite.Only two sources of gem-quality material are known: the Pamir Mountains of Tajikistan, and the Taymyr region of northern Siberia.
Color: Brown, yellow, white, orange, or reddish brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Magnesium Silicate Fluoride OH
Crystal Group: Monoclinic
Refractive Index: 1.625 C 1.668
Hardness: 6 - 6.5
Density: 3.17 - 3.35
Occurrence: Extremely rare - gem quality found only in the Pamir Mountains, Tadzhikistan. Other mineralogical occurrences include, Mt. Vesuvius, Italy; Pargas, Finland; Llanos de Juanar, Malaga, Spain; Tilly Foster Mine, New York; Fort Defiance, Apache County, Arizona; Crestmore Quarry, Riverside County and Lower Lake, Fresno County, California; Luna, New Mexico and Franklin, New Jersey, USA.

Natural Danburite Natural Danburite
Danburite is a very spiritual stone that carries a pure vibration. With a hardness of 7, danburite is quite hard and suitable for any kind of jewelry. Danburite handles easily and ordinarily offers no problems for lapidaries. It makes an especially brilliant gem because of its extreme clarity.
Color: White, yellowish, very light pink, buff colored, very light brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: calcium borosilicate
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.630(+.003,-.003) - 1.636 (+.003, -.003)
Hardness: 7
Density: 3
Occurrence: Danbury, Connecticut and Russell, New York, USA; Charcas, San Luis Potosi, Mexico; Kyushu Island, Japan; Mogok, Burma and Uri, Switzerland; Madagascar.

Natural Diamond Natural Diamond
Diamond is the ultimate gemstone, having few weaknesses and many strengths. It is well known that Diamond is the hardest substance found in nature.
Color: White, yellow, brown, black. Rarely, blue, red, or pink.
Categories: precious stone
Chemical Composition: C
Crystal Group: Cubic
Refractive Index: 2.417
Hardness: 10
Density: 3.52
Occurrence: Africa, Russia, Canada, Australia, India

Natural Euclase Natural Euclase
Euclase is a rare mineral, resembling beryl in color and hardness.Euclase is found in granitic pegmatites with other gem minerals such as topaz and beryl.
Color: White, pale blue, greenish blue, dark blue.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: BeAlSiO4(OH)
Crystal Group: Monoclinic
Refractive Index: 1.652-1.672
Hardness: 7.5
Density: 3.18
Occurrence: Brazil, Tanzania, Russia, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Austria.


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