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Gemstone Chart (A Searchable Collection of Precious/Semi-precious Stone Information)

This is a searchable collection of  international precious stone/gem. With its sparkle and color, a gem can mystify and intrigue people.  Most gemstone buyers purchase gems  for making jewelry.  But some buyers are gemstone collectors. The chart is  resource for your gemstone buying and collecting.
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Gemstone Chart
Natural ActinoliteNatural Actinolite
Actinolite is a natural mineral with the chemical formula Ca2(Mg,Fe)5Si8O22(OH)2.the crystals have a hardness of 5.5 on Mohs scale, and there are two directions of cleavage. Natural actinolite is semi-precious to precious stone used in jewelry and other adornments.
Color: Green, Brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Amphibole Group
Crystal Group: Monoclinic
Refractive Index: 1.620 - 1.642
Hardness: 5.5
Density: 3.05
Occurrence: Tanzania

Natural AgateNatural Agate
Agate is a beautiful natural chalcedony stone, classified as a semi precious gem and has been used by people as early as the ancient Egyptians in and before 3000 BC! Agate is hard and tough enough to be incorporated into jewelry and other ornamental items.
Color: Blue, green, yellow,orange, brown, gray
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: SiO2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.530 - 1.539
Hardness: 6.5 - 7
Density: 2.57 - 2.64
Occurrence: Scotland, U.S.A., India, England, Italy, Brazil, Uruguay, Germany, Egypt, Indonesia, and many other localities.

Natural AlexandriteNatural Alexandrite
Alexandrite was discovered in 1830 in the Ural mountains of Russia. Alexandrite is also found in Sri Lanka, Brazil, India, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, and most recently in Madagascar. The alexandrite variety of chrysoberyl is one of the rarest and most sought after of all gems.
Color: changing from green to red
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: BeAl2O4
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.741 - 1.760
Hardness: 8.50
Density: 3.73
Occurrence: Tanzania, India, Russia, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Zambia

Natural AmethystNatural Amethyst
As a member of the quartz family, amethyst is one of the most common, hence under-appreciated, gemstones on the market.
Color: purple, violet
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: SiO2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.544 - 1.553
Hardness: 7
Density: 2.66
Occurrence: Brazil, Uraguay, Bolivia, Madagascar, Russia, USA, Zambia

Natural Ametrine Natural Ametrine
Ametrine is a unique semi-precious gemstone that is a blend of citrine and amethyst.It has a warm, soft cream color that shows hints of both its lilac and honey hued parents.
Color: purple, violet, yellow
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: SiO2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.544 - 1.553
Hardness: 7
Density: 2.66
Occurrence: Brazil, Bolivia

Natural Andalusite Natural Andalusite
Andalusite is popular as a collector stone but is seldom used in jewelry probably because of it's unavailability. With a hardness of 7 - 7.5 andalusite is tough enough to be used in jewelry. Andalusite, especially in the rough, can easily be confused with alexandrite because of similarities in color
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Al2SiO5
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.628 - 1.647
Hardness: 7 - 7.5
Density: 3.13 - 3.21
Occurrence: Brazil, Sri Lanka, Spain, East Africa, Burma, U.S.A.

Natural Andradite Natural Andradite
Andradite is a Garnet, belonging to the Garnet group. It has the most powerful luster of any garnet, and this makes it a reputable gem.
Color: brown, greenish brown, yellowish green, green
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Ca3Fe2(SiO4)3
Crystal Group: Cubic
Refractive Index: 3.82 C 3.85
Hardness: 6.5
Density: 1.888 C 1.889
Occurrence: Mexico, Korea, Namibia, Russia, Iran, South Africa

Natural Apatite Natural Apatite
Apatite displays strong fluorescence under short wave ultra-violet light. There is a particularly intense and deeply saturated, geenish-blue (aka swiss blue) variety from Madagascar known as "Neon Apatite" that is becoming quite popular in the gem trade.
Color: yellow, green, below, violet
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Phosphate group
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.63-1.64
Hardness: 5
Density: 3.17-3.23
Occurrence: Burma, Ceylon, Madagascar, Mexico, Canada, India

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