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Gemstone Chart (A Searchable Collection of Precious/Semi-precious Stone Information)

This is a searchable collection of  international precious stone/gem. With its sparkle and color, a gem can mystify and intrigue people.  Most gemstone buyers purchase gems  for making jewelry.  But some buyers are gemstone collectors. The chart is  resource for your gemstone buying and collecting.
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Crystal Group  Color


Gemstone Chart
Natural Kornerupine Natural Kornerupine
Kornerupine is a rare mineral occasionally used as a gemstone. It appears frequently in parcels from Ceylon and may be confused with beryl, peridot, topaz, or quartz.
Color: Brown, brownish red, yellow-green, light green, blue green
Categories: semi-precious stone
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.665 C 1.683
Hardness: 6.5
Density: 3.25 - 3.35
Occurrence: Ceylon, Tanzania

Natural Peridot Natural Peridot
Peridot is the best known gem variety of olivine, a species name for a series of magnesium-iron rich silicate minerals.It is one of the prettiest of all green gems.Most peridot formed deep inside the earth and was brought to the surface by volcanoes. Some has also come to Earth in meteorites, but this extraterrestrial peridot is extremely rare, and you're not likely to see it in a retail jewelry store.
Color: Green, olive.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: (Mg,Fe)2(SiO)4
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.654-1.689
Hardness: 6.5
Density: 3.34
Occurrence: China, Burma, East Africa, U.S.A., and Vietnam

Natural Prehnite Natural Prehnite
Prehnite is a hydrated calcium aluminum silicate that occurs in a soft yellow-green to apple-green color.It was a rare gemstone, most prehnite is translucent but transparent specimens are sometimes found.While you are unlikely to find it in your local jewelry store, gemstone dealers often have some supply. Deposits are found in South Africa, Australia, China, Scotland and the United States.
Color: yellow green, brown, yellow brown, oil green
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: (CA2Al2SI3O10(OH)2)
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.61 - 1.64
Hardness: 6
Density: 2.80 - 2.95
Occurrence: China, France, U.S.A., Scotland, Australia

Natural Sillimanite Natural Sillimanite
Sillimanite is an alumino-silicate mineral with the chemical formula Al2SiO5. Sillimanite is a very rare trimorph and it has a common variety called fibrolite.
Color: violet blue, grey green, colorless, brown, green,
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Al2OSiO4
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.658 - 1.678
Hardness: 6 - 7.5
Density: 3.25
Occurrence: France, Madagascar, U.S.A., Sri Lanka, Burma. Kenya

Natural Tanzanite Natural Tanzanite
Tanzanite is a rare gem which has been celebrated as one of the most exciting finds of the 20th century. Manuel DSouza discovered the gem in 1967 in Tanzania. Because tanzanite is relatively soft, it is not usually set in necklaces and earrings, so the tiara is truly a rarity.
Color: Blue, Blue Purple, Green, Pink.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Ca2(Al,OH)Al2(SIO4)
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.688 - 1.707
Hardness: 6-7
Density: 3.30 (+.10, -.10)
Occurrence: Tanzania

Natural Topaz Natural Topaz
Topaz is a silicate mineral most often found in igneous rocks of felsic composition. It is a common gemstone that has been used for centuries in jewelry. Gem quality topaz most commonly occurs in nature as a colorless crystal. It is a very popular gemstone.
Color: colorless, blue, yellow-brown, pinkish orange, red-orange, red-brown, tan.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: AL(F,OH)2SIO4
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.629 - 1.637
Hardness: 8
Density: 3.52 - 3.56
Occurrence: Brazil, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, Germany, Australia, Japan, Russia, Ireland, Zimbabwe.


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