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Gemstone Chart (A Searchable Collection of Precious/Semi-precious Stone Information)

This is a searchable collection of  international precious stone/gem. With its sparkle and color, a gem can mystify and intrigue people.  Most gemstone buyers purchase gems  for making jewelry.  But some buyers are gemstone collectors. The chart is  resource for your gemstone buying and collecting.
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Gemstone Chart
Natural AgateNatural Agate
Agate is a beautiful natural chalcedony stone, classified as a semi precious gem and has been used by people as early as the ancient Egyptians in and before 3000 BC! Agate is hard and tough enough to be incorporated into jewelry and other ornamental items.
Color: Blue, green, yellow,orange, brown, gray
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: SiO2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.530 - 1.539
Hardness: 6.5 - 7
Density: 2.57 - 2.64
Occurrence: Scotland, U.S.A., India, England, Italy, Brazil, Uruguay, Germany, Egypt, Indonesia, and many other localities.

Natural Bi Color Tourmaline Natural Bi Color Tourmaline
Bi color tourmaline is the name given to tourmaline which displays more than one color in the same cystal.It is classified as a semi-precious stone.
Color: Green, red, yellow, orange. Brown, green, pink
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: (NaCa)(LI,MgFe,Al)9B3Si6(O,OH)31
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.624(+.005, -.005) - 1.644(+.006, -.006)
Hardness: 7-7.5
Density: 3.06 (.05, +.15)
Occurrence: East Africa, Brazil, USA, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Madagascar

Natural Ruby Natural Ruby
ruby is a pink to blood-red gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum.Ruby has been the world's most valued gemstone for thousands of years. It was said to be the most precious of the twelve stones God created when he created all things and this "lord of gems" was placed on Aaron's neck by God's command.
Color: red, orangey red, violetish red
Categories: precious stone
Chemical Composition: AL2O3
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.759-1.778
Hardness: 9
Density: 4
Occurrence: Burma, Thailand, East Africa, Vietnam, Madagascar.

Natural Sapphire Natural Sapphire
Sapphire is a gemstone variety of the mineral corundum,Blue is the main colour of the sapphire. Its beauty, its magnificent colours, its transparency, but also its constancy and durability are qualities associated with this gemstone by gemstone lovers and specialists alike.Fancy sapphires are pure individualism and are just made for lovers of individualistic coloured stone jewellery. They are currently available in a positively enchanting variety of designs - as ring stones, necklace pendants or ear jewellery.
Color: blue, bluish purple, bluish violet, greenish yellow, orangy yellow, purple, red, reddish orange, red-orange or orange-red, reddish purple, red-purple or purple-red, slightly purplish red, violet, violetish blue, yellow, yellowish orange, pink
Categories: precious stone
Chemical Composition: AL22O3
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.759-1.778
Hardness: 9
Density: 4
Occurrence: Sri Lanka, Burma, India, Kenya, Tanzania, Madagascar, Thailand, U.S.A., China

Natural Tourmaline Natural Tourmaline
Tourmaline is actually a group of several different minerals which have similar crystal structures, but complex and variable chemical formulas. Tourmaline is the most varicolored of all gemstones. It occurs in all colors, but red, green, and multicolored are its most famous gem colors.
Color: blue, bluish green, green, greenish blue, green-blue or blue-green, greenish yellow, orangy red, red, red-orange or orange-red, red-purple or purple-red, slightly purplish red, slightly yellowish green, strongly purplish red, strongly yellowish green, very slightly bluish green, yellowish green, yellow-green or green-yellow, colorless, brown, pink
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: (NaCa)(LI,MgFe,Al)9B3Si6(O,OH)31
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.624(+.005, -.005) - 1.644(+.006, -.006)
Hardness: 7-7.5
Density: 3.06 (.05, +.15)
Occurrence: Brazil, East Africa, Nigeria, Madagascar, U.S.A.

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