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Gemstone Chart (A Searchable Collection of Precious/Semi-precious Stone Information)

This is a searchable collection of  international precious stone/gem. With its sparkle and color, a gem can mystify and intrigue people.  Most gemstone buyers purchase gems  for making jewelry.  But some buyers are gemstone collectors. The chart is  resource for your gemstone buying and collecting.
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Gemstone Chart
Natural AlexandriteNatural Alexandrite
Alexandrite was discovered in 1830 in the Ural mountains of Russia. Alexandrite is also found in Sri Lanka, Brazil, India, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, and most recently in Madagascar. The alexandrite variety of chrysoberyl is one of the rarest and most sought after of all gems.
Color: changing from green to red
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: BeAl2O4
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.741 - 1.760
Hardness: 8.50
Density: 3.73
Occurrence: Tanzania, India, Russia, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Zambia

Natural Clinohumite Natural Clinohumite
Clinohumite is a rare mineral and an especially rare gemstone. It is a member of the humite group of minerals, which includes humite, clinohumite, chondrodite, and norbergite.Only two sources of gem-quality material are known: the Pamir Mountains of Tajikistan, and the Taymyr region of northern Siberia.
Color: Brown, yellow, white, orange, or reddish brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Magnesium Silicate Fluoride OH
Crystal Group: Monoclinic
Refractive Index: 1.625 C 1.668
Hardness: 6 - 6.5
Density: 3.17 - 3.35
Occurrence: Extremely rare - gem quality found only in the Pamir Mountains, Tadzhikistan. Other mineralogical occurrences include, Mt. Vesuvius, Italy; Pargas, Finland; Llanos de Juanar, Malaga, Spain; Tilly Foster Mine, New York; Fort Defiance, Apache County, Arizona; Crestmore Quarry, Riverside County and Lower Lake, Fresno County, California; Luna, New Mexico and Franklin, New Jersey, USA.

Natural Diamond Natural Diamond
Diamond is the ultimate gemstone, having few weaknesses and many strengths. It is well known that Diamond is the hardest substance found in nature.
Color: White, yellow, brown, black. Rarely, blue, red, or pink.
Categories: precious stone
Chemical Composition: C
Crystal Group: Cubic
Refractive Index: 2.417
Hardness: 10
Density: 3.52
Occurrence: Africa, Russia, Canada, Australia, India

Natural Hemimorphite Natural Hemimorphite
Hemimorphite is a usually white or colorless mineral, essentially Zn4Si2O7(OH)2H2O, an important ore of zinc. Also called calamine.
Color: Light blue, dark blue, green ,white.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: (Zn4Si2O7(OH)2.H2O)
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.612-1.633
Hardness: 5
Density: 3.44
Occurrence: Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey, New Mexico, Montana, Arizona, U.S.A; Congo; Nerchinak in Transbaikalia, Siberia; Zambia; Santa Eulalia and Mapimi, Mexico; England; Wenshan, Yunnan Province, China.

Natural Malaia Garnet Natural Malaia Garnet
Malaia garnet is a mixture of almandine, pyrope, and spessartine. It has remained the preserve of collectors for the 2 decades since it was discovered, mainly due to its extreme rarity.Tanzania is the known source for this lovely gemstone.
Color: orangey pink, champagne, orange brown, copper-pink.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: [Mg3 + Mn3]AL2(SIO4)
Crystal Group: Cubic
Refractive Index: 1.73 - 1.81
Hardness: 7 - 7.5
Density: 3.65 - 4.20
Occurrence: Kenya, Tanzania, Madagascar

Natural Phenakite Natural Phenakite
phenakite is a fairly rare nesosilicate mineral consisting of beryllium orthosilicate, It is one of the brightest of the colorless gemstones.Madagascar seems to be the most important source for this rare stone.
Color: White
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Be2SiO4
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.651-1.696
Hardness: 7.5-8.0
Density: 2.94--2.96
Occurrence: Russia, Madagascar, U.S.A., Brazil, France, Switzerland, Ceylon, E. Africa.

Natural Rhodolite Natural Rhodolite
Rhodolite is a beautiful pink to violetish red garnet which was named after the rhododendron flower. Commercially rhodolite is one of the most important garnets. Rhodolite is quite available in small sizes which are relatively low in price. Very fine large rhodolite garnets are rare and are moderate in price.
Color: red, purple-red
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Al2(SiO4)3
Crystal Group: Cubic
Refractive Index: 1.75 - 1.77
Hardness: 7.25
Density: 3.74 - 3.94
Occurrence: Brazil, East Africa, Ceylon, India, Madagascar, Zimbabwe

Natural Sapphire Natural Sapphire
Sapphire is a gemstone variety of the mineral corundum,Blue is the main colour of the sapphire. Its beauty, its magnificent colours, its transparency, but also its constancy and durability are qualities associated with this gemstone by gemstone lovers and specialists alike.Fancy sapphires are pure individualism and are just made for lovers of individualistic coloured stone jewellery. They are currently available in a positively enchanting variety of designs - as ring stones, necklace pendants or ear jewellery.
Color: blue, bluish purple, bluish violet, greenish yellow, orangy yellow, purple, red, reddish orange, red-orange or orange-red, reddish purple, red-purple or purple-red, slightly purplish red, violet, violetish blue, yellow, yellowish orange, pink
Categories: precious stone
Chemical Composition: AL22O3
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.759-1.778
Hardness: 9
Density: 4
Occurrence: Sri Lanka, Burma, India, Kenya, Tanzania, Madagascar, Thailand, U.S.A., China

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