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Gemstone Chart (A Searchable Collection of Precious/Semi-precious Stone Information)

This is a searchable collection of  international precious stone/gem. With its sparkle and color, a gem can mystify and intrigue people.  Most gemstone buyers purchase gems  for making jewelry.  But some buyers are gemstone collectors. The chart is  resource for your gemstone buying and collecting.
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Crystal Group  Color


Gemstone Chart
Natural Enstatite Natural Enstatite
Enstatite is a relatively common mineral, but is rarely used for jewelry purposes. It is generally cut for gem connoisseurs and collectors rather than for the common consumer.
Color: Gray, green, brown, orange-brown, yellowish-brown, colorless, pale yellow.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: MgSiO3
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.663-1.673
Hardness: 5.5
Density: 3.26-3.28
Occurrence: South Africa, Burma, Tanzania, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Germany, Norway, Greenland

Natural Fluorite Natural Fluorite
Fluorite has a wide range of colors including yellow, blue, pink purple and green. It is an interesting and beautiful gemstone.
Color: Colorless, yellow, brown, green, blue, violet, pink
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: CaF2
Crystal Group: Cubic
Refractive Index: 1.43
Hardness: 4
Density: 3.18
Occurrence: Namibia, U.K., Switzerland, Nigeria, Czechoslovakia, Canada, Poland, Italy, Norway, Germany, U.S.A.

Natural Iolite Natural Iolite
Iolite is a popular and interesting gemstone, and is the gem variety of the mineral cordierite.It has also been called water sapphire because it looks very much like a blue sapphire.
Color: violet, blue, dark blue,
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: MG2AL4SI5O18
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.53 - 1.55
Hardness: 7 - 7.5
Density: 2.57 - 2.66
Occurrence: Sri Lanka; Burma; India; Tsivory,Madagascar; Canada; Namibia; Tanzania; Norway; U.S.A.; Brazil

Natural Oligoclase Natural Oligoclase
Oligoclase is a rock-forming mineral belonging to the plagioclase feldspars. Oligoclase is famous for its two gem varieties: Sunstone and Moonstone.
Color: green, orange, red, colorless
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: [Na,Ca]AlSi3O8
Crystal Group: Triclinic
Refractive Index: 1.53 - 1.54
Hardness: 6 - 6.5
Density: 2.62 - 2.65
Occurrence: Tvedestrand and Hitero on the south coast of Norway; near Lake Baikal Russia; Ontario, Canada; Tanzania; Kangayam, southern India; France; and in Maine, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Oregon in the USA.

Natural Sunstone Natural Sunstone
Sunstone is a sodium-calcium-aluminum-silicate variety of plagioclase feldspar, which when viewed from certain directions exhibits a brilliant spangled appearance; this has led to its use as a gemstone.
Color: Orange-red, brownish-red
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: NaAlSi3O8
Crystal Group: Triclinic
Refractive Index: RI 1.54 C1.55
Hardness: 6
Density: SG 2.62 C 2.65
Occurrence: Near Lake Baikal Russia; East Africa; Hastings, Renfrew, and Haliburton, in Ontario Canada; Tvedestrand, Hitero, Norway; Kangayam, India; Maine, Oregon, New Mexico, California, and North Carolina, USA.

Natural Zircon Natural Zircon
Zircon is a mineral belonging to the group of nesosilicates. It is one of the heaviest gemstones, which means that it will look smaller than other varieties of the same weight. Zircon occurs in a wide range of colours,the most popular colour is blue zircon. The wide variety of colours of zircon, its rarity, and its relatively low cost make it a popular collector's stone.
Color: Brown, blue, red, orange, white, green
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: ZrSiO4
Crystal Group: Tetragonal
Refractive Index: 1.780-1.984
Hardness: 7.5
Density: 4.00-4.73
Occurrence: Ceylon, Burma,France, Norway, East Africa,Australia, SE Asia.


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