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Gemstone Chart (A Searchable Collection of Precious/Semi-precious Stone Information)

This is a searchable collection of  international precious stone/gem. With its sparkle and color, a gem can mystify and intrigue people.  Most gemstone buyers purchase gems  for making jewelry.  But some buyers are gemstone collectors. The chart is  resource for your gemstone buying and collecting.
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Gemstone Chart
Natural Aquamarine Natural Aquamarine
Aquamarine is a semi-precious gemstone frequently incorporated into some of the most modern, beautiful handmade jewelry in the world. It is most often found in shades of clear ocean blue, and is widely recognized as the March Birthstone and the gemstone for the 18th anniversary.
Color: Blue, Green-blue
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Be3Al2(SiO3)6
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.577(+-.016), 1.583 (+-.017)
Hardness: 7.5
Density: 2.67-2.745
Occurrence: Brazil, China, India, Madagascar, Mozambique, Russia, and U.S.A.

Natural Beryl Natural Beryl
Beryl is a semi-precious clear gemstone which usually comes in greens, yellows, and occasionally pinks, ands various shades thereof.
Color: Green, blue, pink, yellow, red
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Be3Al2(SiO3)6
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.577(+-.016), 1.583 (+-.017)
Hardness: 7.5
Density: 2.67-2.745
Occurrence: Austria, Columbia, Brazil, Russia, East Africa, Australia, Madagascar, South Africa, Zimbabwe, India, Pakistan, Zambia, Nigeria, U.S.A., Afghanistan

Natural Chrysoberyl Natural Chrysoberyl
The Chrysoberyl family is best known for the more valuable alexandrite and catseye varieties. Faceted chrysoberyl is a beautiful gem which is not as well known in its own right. Apart from the high hardness, it takes a good polish and has a good luster.
Color: yellow, green, color changing, red, blue-green, greenish-yellow or brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: BeAl2O4
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.741 - 1.760
Hardness: 8.5
Density: 3.73
Occurrence: Ceylon, Tanzania, Russia, Madagascar, Brazil.

Natural Diamond Natural Diamond
Diamond is the ultimate gemstone, having few weaknesses and many strengths. It is well known that Diamond is the hardest substance found in nature.
Color: White, yellow, brown, black. Rarely, blue, red, or pink.
Categories: precious stone
Chemical Composition: C
Crystal Group: Cubic
Refractive Index: 2.417
Hardness: 10
Density: 3.52
Occurrence: Africa, Russia, Canada, Australia, India

Natural Dioptase Natural Dioptase
Dioptase is an intense emerald-green to bluish-green copper cyclosilicate mineral.Dioptase is a rather unusual gemstone that will rarely be found in your basic jewelry stores. It is a beautiful gemstone with a very unusual combination of green colors.
Color: Dark blue green, emerald green, or turquoise
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: CuSiO2(OH) 2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: RI 1.644 C 1.709
Hardness: 5
Density: 3.28 C 3.55
Occurrence: Russia, Tsumeb Namibia, California and Colorado USA, Congo, Zaire, Chile

Natural Emerald Natural Emerald
Emerald, the green variety of the mineral beryl, is the most famous and favored green gemstone.The majority of the worlds gem quality Emeralds come from the Muzo area of Colombia.
Color: Blue, Green Blue
Categories: precious stone
Chemical Composition: Be3Al2(SiO3)6
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.577(+-.016), 1.583 (+-.017)
Hardness: 7.5-8
Density: 2.72 (-.05, +.12)
Occurrence: Brazil, Pakistan,Russia, East Africa, India, Madagascar, Columbia

Natural Euclase Natural Euclase
Euclase is a rare mineral, resembling beryl in color and hardness.Euclase is found in granitic pegmatites with other gem minerals such as topaz and beryl.
Color: White, pale blue, greenish blue, dark blue.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: BeAlSiO4(OH)
Crystal Group: Monoclinic
Refractive Index: 1.652-1.672
Hardness: 7.5
Density: 3.18
Occurrence: Brazil, Tanzania, Russia, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Austria.

Natural Hemimorphite Natural Hemimorphite
Hemimorphite is a usually white or colorless mineral, essentially Zn4Si2O7(OH)2H2O, an important ore of zinc. Also called calamine.
Color: Light blue, dark blue, green ,white.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: (Zn4Si2O7(OH)2.H2O)
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.612-1.633
Hardness: 5
Density: 3.44
Occurrence: Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey, New Mexico, Montana, Arizona, U.S.A; Congo; Nerchinak in Transbaikalia, Siberia; Zambia; Santa Eulalia and Mapimi, Mexico; England; Wenshan, Yunnan Province, China.

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