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Gemstone Chart (A Searchable Collection of Precious/Semi-precious Stone Information)

This is a searchable collection of  international precious stone/gem. With its sparkle and color, a gem can mystify and intrigue people.  Most gemstone buyers purchase gems  for making jewelry.  But some buyers are gemstone collectors. The chart is  resource for your gemstone buying and collecting.
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Gemstone Chart
Natural AgateNatural Agate
Agate is a beautiful natural chalcedony stone, classified as a semi precious gem and has been used by people as early as the ancient Egyptians in and before 3000 BC! Agate is hard and tough enough to be incorporated into jewelry and other ornamental items.
Color: Blue, green, yellow,orange, brown, gray
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: SiO2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.530 - 1.539
Hardness: 6.5 - 7
Density: 2.57 - 2.64
Occurrence: Scotland, U.S.A., India, England, Italy, Brazil, Uruguay, Germany, Egypt, Indonesia, and many other localities.

Natural Chalcedony Natural Chalcedony
Chalcedony is a catch all term that includes many well known varieties of cryptocrystalline quartz gemstones. They are found in all 50 States, in many colors and color combinations, and in sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks.
Color: grayish, purple, white, green, blue, lavender, yellow, brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: SiO2
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.530 - 1.539
Hardness: 6.5
Density: 2.57 C 2.64
Occurrence: Brazil, U.S.A. Germany, India, Uruguay, Austarlia, Egypt, Italy, Scotland, South Africa, Namibia, Madagascar, Mexico, Tanzania, and many other localities throughout the world.

Natural Clinohumite Natural Clinohumite
Clinohumite is a rare mineral and an especially rare gemstone. It is a member of the humite group of minerals, which includes humite, clinohumite, chondrodite, and norbergite.Only two sources of gem-quality material are known: the Pamir Mountains of Tajikistan, and the Taymyr region of northern Siberia.
Color: Brown, yellow, white, orange, or reddish brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Magnesium Silicate Fluoride OH
Crystal Group: Monoclinic
Refractive Index: 1.625 C 1.668
Hardness: 6 - 6.5
Density: 3.17 - 3.35
Occurrence: Extremely rare - gem quality found only in the Pamir Mountains, Tadzhikistan. Other mineralogical occurrences include, Mt. Vesuvius, Italy; Pargas, Finland; Llanos de Juanar, Malaga, Spain; Tilly Foster Mine, New York; Fort Defiance, Apache County, Arizona; Crestmore Quarry, Riverside County and Lower Lake, Fresno County, California; Luna, New Mexico and Franklin, New Jersey, USA.

Natural Fluorite Natural Fluorite
Fluorite has a wide range of colors including yellow, blue, pink purple and green. It is an interesting and beautiful gemstone.
Color: Colorless, yellow, brown, green, blue, violet, pink
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: CaF2
Crystal Group: Cubic
Refractive Index: 1.43
Hardness: 4
Density: 3.18
Occurrence: Namibia, U.K., Switzerland, Nigeria, Czechoslovakia, Canada, Poland, Italy, Norway, Germany, U.S.A.

Natural Idocrase Natural Idocrase
Primarily a green color that will resemble jade.idocrase is one stone that is sometimes mistaken for jade by jewelers and consumers alike. Idocrase is from the greek and means mixed form, an allusion to its crystals showing a mixture of other mineral forms.
Color: normally green, but also can be brown, yellow, blue and/or purple.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: nesosilicate or sorosilicate
Crystal Group: Tetragonal
Refractive Index: 1.71 - 1.73
Hardness: 6.5
Density: 3.3 - 3.5
Occurrence: Quebec, Canada; California and the New England region of USA; Mt Vesuvius, Italy; Ural Mountains, Russia, Switzerland, East Africa

Natural SapphirineNatural Sapphirine
Sapphirine is a rare mineral, a silicate of magnesium and aluminium.Though Sapphirine clearly falls into the "rare stone" category, it is a relatively durable stone with a Moh's hardness of 7.5. Sapphirine's very distinctive appearance along with their somewhat unusual durability have made them fairly popular with collectors.
Color: Pale blue, bluish gray, greenish gray, green, purplish pink
Categories: semi-precious stone
Crystal Group: Monoclinic
Refractive Index: 1.714-1.723
Hardness: 7.5
Density: 3.4-3.5
Occurrence: U.S.A., U.K., Sweden, Czechoslovakia, Japan, South Africa, Greenland, Madagascar, Italy, Sri Lanka

Natural Scheelite Natural Scheelite
Scheelite is a calcium tungstate mineral with the chemical formula CaWO4.With a hardness of 4.5 to 5 on the Moh's ScaleScheelite is a rather soft stone. Traditionally, it was considered a collector's gem and unsuitable for use in jewelry.
Color: Yellowish-white, brownish, orange yellow
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: CaWO4
Crystal Group: Tetragonal
Refractive Index: 1.918 - 1.937
Hardness: 4.5 - 5.0
Density: 5.9 - 6.1
Occurrence: Czechoslovakia; Italy; Switzerland; Finland; Cumberland, Cornwall, England; Santa Cruz, Sonora, Mexico; South Dakota, Conneticut, Colorado, Utah, California, Arizona, USA; New South Wales and Queensland, Australia; Mian Yang, and Ping Wu, Sezhuan, China; Hollinger Mine, Ontario, Canada;

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