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Gemstone Chart (A Searchable Collection of Precious/Semi-precious Stone Information)

This is a searchable collection of  international precious stone/gem. With its sparkle and color, a gem can mystify and intrigue people.  Most gemstone buyers purchase gems  for making jewelry.  But some buyers are gemstone collectors. The chart is  resource for your gemstone buying and collecting.
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Categories   Country/region

Crystal Group  Color


Gemstone Chart
Natural AlexandriteNatural Alexandrite
Alexandrite was discovered in 1830 in the Ural mountains of Russia. Alexandrite is also found in Sri Lanka, Brazil, India, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, and most recently in Madagascar. The alexandrite variety of chrysoberyl is one of the rarest and most sought after of all gems.
Color: changing from green to red
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: BeAl2O4
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.741 - 1.760
Hardness: 8.50
Density: 3.73
Occurrence: Tanzania, India, Russia, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Zambia

Natural Beryl Natural Beryl
Beryl is a semi-precious clear gemstone which usually comes in greens, yellows, and occasionally pinks, ands various shades thereof.
Color: Green, blue, pink, yellow, red
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Be3Al2(SiO3)6
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.577(+-.016), 1.583 (+-.017)
Hardness: 7.5
Density: 2.67-2.745
Occurrence: Austria, Columbia, Brazil, Russia, East Africa, Australia, Madagascar, South Africa, Zimbabwe, India, Pakistan, Zambia, Nigeria, U.S.A., Afghanistan

Natural Euclase Natural Euclase
Euclase is a rare mineral, resembling beryl in color and hardness.Euclase is found in granitic pegmatites with other gem minerals such as topaz and beryl.
Color: White, pale blue, greenish blue, dark blue.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: BeAlSiO4(OH)
Crystal Group: Monoclinic
Refractive Index: 1.652-1.672
Hardness: 7.5
Density: 3.18
Occurrence: Brazil, Tanzania, Russia, Zimbabwe, Madagascar, Austria.

Natural Rhodolite Natural Rhodolite
Rhodolite is a beautiful pink to violetish red garnet which was named after the rhododendron flower. Commercially rhodolite is one of the most important garnets. Rhodolite is quite available in small sizes which are relatively low in price. Very fine large rhodolite garnets are rare and are moderate in price.
Color: red, purple-red
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Al2(SiO4)3
Crystal Group: Cubic
Refractive Index: 1.75 - 1.77
Hardness: 7.25
Density: 3.74 - 3.94
Occurrence: Brazil, East Africa, Ceylon, India, Madagascar, Zimbabwe

Natural Topaz Natural Topaz
Topaz is a silicate mineral most often found in igneous rocks of felsic composition. It is a common gemstone that has been used for centuries in jewelry. Gem quality topaz most commonly occurs in nature as a colorless crystal. It is a very popular gemstone.
Color: colorless, blue, yellow-brown, pinkish orange, red-orange, red-brown, tan.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: AL(F,OH)2SIO4
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.629 - 1.637
Hardness: 8
Density: 3.52 - 3.56
Occurrence: Brazil, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, Germany, Australia, Japan, Russia, Ireland, Zimbabwe.


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