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Gemstone Chart (A Searchable Collection of Precious/Semi-precious Stone Information)

This is a searchable collection of  international precious stone/gem. With its sparkle and color, a gem can mystify and intrigue people.  Most gemstone buyers purchase gems  for making jewelry.  But some buyers are gemstone collectors. The chart is  resource for your gemstone buying and collecting.
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Crystal Group  Color


Gemstone Chart
Natural Topaz Natural Topaz
Topaz is a silicate mineral most often found in igneous rocks of felsic composition. It is a common gemstone that has been used for centuries in jewelry. Gem quality topaz most commonly occurs in nature as a colorless crystal. It is a very popular gemstone.
Color: colorless, blue, yellow-brown, pinkish orange, red-orange, red-brown, tan.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: AL(F,OH)2SIO4
Crystal Group: Orthorhombic
Refractive Index: 1.629 - 1.637
Hardness: 8
Density: 3.52 - 3.56
Occurrence: Brazil, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, Germany, Australia, Japan, Russia, Ireland, Zimbabwe.

Natural Tourmaline Natural Tourmaline
Tourmaline is actually a group of several different minerals which have similar crystal structures, but complex and variable chemical formulas. Tourmaline is the most varicolored of all gemstones. It occurs in all colors, but red, green, and multicolored are its most famous gem colors.
Color: blue, bluish green, green, greenish blue, green-blue or blue-green, greenish yellow, orangy red, red, red-orange or orange-red, red-purple or purple-red, slightly purplish red, slightly yellowish green, strongly purplish red, strongly yellowish green, very slightly bluish green, yellowish green, yellow-green or green-yellow, colorless, brown, pink
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: (NaCa)(LI,MgFe,Al)9B3Si6(O,OH)31
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.624(+.005, -.005) - 1.644(+.006, -.006)
Hardness: 7-7.5
Density: 3.06 (.05, +.15)
Occurrence: Brazil, East Africa, Nigeria, Madagascar, U.S.A.

Natural Triplite Natural Triplite
Triplite is a rare fluoro-hydroxide phosphate mineral that forms in phosphate rich granitic pegmatites and high temperature hydrothermal veins. The name is from the Greek triplos for triple, in reference to the three cleavage directions. It is a very gemstones and few cut stones have been ever reported.
Color: brightly coloured (brown, salmon, flesh-red)
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: (Mn,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Crystal Group: Monoclinic
Refractive Index: 1.650 - 1.680
Hardness: 5 - 5.5
Density: 3.44 - 3.90
Occurrence: the Shigar Valley, Pakistan; China; France, Bavaria, Germany; Kimito, Finland; Karibib, Namibia; Maine, and Connecticut, Arizona and Colorado in the United States.

Natural Tsavorite Natural Tsavorite
Tsavorite is the name given to the rich green variety of grossular garnet. Its home is the East-African bushland along the border between Kenya and Tanzania. The shining green tsavorite is a young gemstone discovered in 1967 with a very long geological history.
Color: Green
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Crystal Group: Cubic
Refractive Index: 1.735 (+.015, -.035)
Hardness: 7
Density: 3.61(-.27, +.12)
Occurrence: Kenya, Tanzania, Madagascar

Natural Turquoise Natural Turquoise
Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminium.The gem turquoise owes it's beauty almost entirely to its superb color. It has been used for ornamentation since 3000BC and possibly before.
Color: Blue, Greenish Blue
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)85H2O
Crystal Group: Triclinic
Refractive Index: 1.62
Hardness: 5.5-6
Density: 2.60- 2.90
Occurrence: Iran, USA, India, Tibet, China, Egypt, Chile, Russia, Australia

Natural Zircon Natural Zircon
Zircon is a mineral belonging to the group of nesosilicates. It is one of the heaviest gemstones, which means that it will look smaller than other varieties of the same weight. Zircon occurs in a wide range of colours,the most popular colour is blue zircon. The wide variety of colours of zircon, its rarity, and its relatively low cost make it a popular collector's stone.
Color: Brown, blue, red, orange, white, green
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: ZrSiO4
Crystal Group: Tetragonal
Refractive Index: 1.780-1.984
Hardness: 7.5
Density: 4.00-4.73
Occurrence: Ceylon, Burma,France, Norway, East Africa,Australia, SE Asia.


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