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Gemstone Chart (A Searchable Collection of Precious/Semi-precious Stone Information)

This is a searchable collection of  international precious stone/gem. With its sparkle and color, a gem can mystify and intrigue people.  Most gemstone buyers purchase gems  for making jewelry.  But some buyers are gemstone collectors. The chart is  resource for your gemstone buying and collecting.
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Crystal Group  Color


Gemstone Chart
Natural Moonstone Natural Moonstone
The most common moonstone is of the mineral adularia.It is an opaque stone, a simi-clear white, kind of the color of watered down milk.Moonstone Jewellery uses the gemstone moonstone as its main stone.
Color: white, blueish white.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: KalSI3O8
Crystal Group: Monoclinic
Refractive Index: 1.518 每 1.526
Hardness: 6 每 6.50
Density: 2.55 每 2.57
Occurrence: Sri Lanka, India, Madagascar, Burma, Tanzania, U.S.A.

Natural Oligoclase Natural Oligoclase
Oligoclase is a rock-forming mineral belonging to the plagioclase feldspars. Oligoclase is famous for its two gem varieties: Sunstone and Moonstone.
Color: green, orange, red, colorless
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: [Na,Ca]AlSi3O8
Crystal Group: Triclinic
Refractive Index: 1.53 - 1.54
Hardness: 6 - 6.5
Density: 2.62 - 2.65
Occurrence: Tvedestrand and Hitero on the south coast of Norway; near Lake Baikal Russia; Ontario, Canada; Tanzania; Kangayam, southern India; France; and in Maine, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Virginia and Oregon in the USA.

Natural Rhodochrosite Natural Rhodochrosite
Rhodochrosite is a manganese carbonate mineral with chemical composition MnCO3. The pink color of rhodochrosite is caused by the element manganese and it is formed when manganese is dissolved by ground water and combines with a carbonate material and then drips off the ceiling of caves and crevices deep underground.Rhodochrosite often forms pink and white bands. It is often carved into figurines or boxes while the tubular stalactite formations are often sliced for use in jewelry. Fine gem quality crystals are sometimes cut into gemstones for use in high end jewelry, but the more common grade is used extensively in silver and gold jewelry.
Color: Rose red, raspberry red, pink, grey, fawn, brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: MnCO3
Crystal Group: Trigonal
Refractive Index: 1.600 每 1.820
Hardness: 4
Density: 3.45 每 3.70
Occurrence: Argentina; Colorado, U.S.A.; Romania; Hungary; India; South Africa; Saxony, Chile; Peru; Mexico.

Natural Rhodolite Natural Rhodolite
Rhodolite is a beautiful pink to violetish red garnet which was named after the rhododendron flower. Commercially rhodolite is one of the most important garnets. Rhodolite is quite available in small sizes which are relatively low in price. Very fine large rhodolite garnets are rare and are moderate in price.
Color: red, purple-red
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: Al2(SiO4)3
Crystal Group: Cubic
Refractive Index: 1.75 - 1.77
Hardness: 7.25
Density: 3.74 - 3.94
Occurrence: Brazil, East Africa, Ceylon, India, Madagascar, Zimbabwe

Natural Sphene Natural Sphene
Sphene is also known as calcium titanium silicate.It is named from the greek word for wedge, because of its typical wedge shaped crystal habit.Because of it's high dispersion and refractive index, a well cut sphene can display stunning brilliance. Sphene is somewhat soft and as a result is more suitable as a pendant than as a ring stone. Sphene is rarely very clean.
Color: Green, yellow. brown
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: CaTiSiO5
Crystal Group: Monoclinic
Refractive Index: (1.885-1.990,)-(1.915-2.050)
Hardness: 5.5
Density: 3.52-3.54
Occurrence: Austria, Dheirene-Madagascar, India, USA, Brazil.

Natural Star Sapphire Natural Star Sapphire
A star sapphire is a lovely gem that exhibits a six pointed star because of the intersection of six thin intersecting inclusions. When the gem is lit from above, the inclusions become quite visible and the star shape appears.A powdery grey-blue star sapphire is the centerpiece of a ring from the Art Deco period.
Color: Blue, green blue, violet, blue, black, brown, pink.
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: AL2O3
Crystal Group: Hexagonal
Refractive Index: 1.759-1.778
Hardness: 9
Density: 4
Occurrence: Sri Lanka, Burma, India, East Africa, Ankarana-Madagascar, Thailand.

Natural Sunstone Natural Sunstone
Sunstone is a sodium-calcium-aluminum-silicate variety of plagioclase feldspar, which when viewed from certain directions exhibits a brilliant spangled appearance; this has led to its use as a gemstone.
Color: Orange-red, brownish-red
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: NaAlSi3O8
Crystal Group: Triclinic
Refractive Index: RI 1.54 每1.55
Hardness: 6
Density: SG 2.62 每 2.65
Occurrence: Near Lake Baikal Russia; East Africa; Hastings, Renfrew, and Haliburton, in Ontario Canada; Tvedestrand, Hitero, Norway; Kangayam, India; Maine, Oregon, New Mexico, California, and North Carolina, USA.

Natural Turquoise Natural Turquoise
Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminium.The gem turquoise owes it's beauty almost entirely to its superb color. It has been used for ornamentation since 3000BC and possibly before.
Color: Blue, Greenish Blue
Categories: semi-precious stone
Chemical Composition: CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)85H2O
Crystal Group: Triclinic
Refractive Index: 1.62
Hardness: 5.5-6
Density: 2.60- 2.90
Occurrence: Iran, USA, India, Tibet, China, Egypt, Chile, Russia, Australia


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