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Lab Tests Chart for Pregnancy

Routine Labs and Tests are are used to help find conditions that can increase the risk of complications for you and your fetus during pregnancy. A number of lab tests in the Following chart are suggested for all women as part of routine prenatal care. Many are standard tests, while others may be recommended based on your age or health history.
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Test Name


  

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Lab Tests Chart for Pregnancy

Pregnancy test(HCG)
There are two main types of pregnancy tests that can let you know if you're pregnant: urine tests and blood tests.Both tests detect the presence of a hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). hCG is made when a fertilized egg plants itself in the uterus. This happens approximately six days after the egg and sperm unite. It is this rapid shift in hormones that triggers most of your pregnancy symptoms. Generally a womans hCG levels double every 48-72 hours. hCG levels reach their peak in the first 8-11 weeks or pregnancy and then they will tend to level off for the next two trimesters.
Best time to get tested
First trimester
Sampling
Mother (Urine or blood sample)


Blood typing and antibody screen
Early in your pregnancy your blood will be tested to determine your blood type,The blood test will also reveal whether you are Rh negative or Rh positive. This test is important because problems may arise, if the mother's blood does not have the Rh factor and the baby's blood does.
Best time to get tested
First trimester; antibody screen repeated between weeks 28 and 29 of pregnancy
Sampling
Mother and father (blood sample)


complete blood cell (CBC) count
Anemia is a medical condition in which the red blood cell count or hemoglobin is less than normal.This blood test checks for anemia and/or detect low platelet count.
Best time to get tested
Preconception and/or early in the first trimester; repeated in third trimester
Sampling
Mother (blood sample)


Blood glucose or hemoglobin A1c
During the first trimester of pregnancy, this test should be used for assessing gestational diabetes.
Best time to get tested
First trimester
Sampling
Mother (blood sample)


Immunity to rubella (German measles)
Rubella, also called German measles, is an infection that causes mild flu-like symptoms and a rash on the skin.If you get infected during pregnancy, rubella can cause serious problems for your baby.Rubella is only harmful to an unborn baby in the womb.
Best time to get tested
Preconception or first trimester
Sampling
Mother (blood sample)


Gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis tests
Pregnant women can be affected by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), also known as sexually transmitted infections (STIs). An STI during pregnancy can pose serious health risks for you and your baby. screening for STIs generally takes place at the first prenatal visit for all pregnant women.
Best time to get tested
Preconception or first trimester; may be repeated in third trimester if at high risk
Sampling
Mother (cervical cells, urine or blood sample, depending on test)


Screened for toxoplasmosis immunity or infection
Blood tests for toxoplasmosis can be done at any stage before or during pregnancy. Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a toxoplasma gondii. You can find it in the intestines of some animals, including cats and pigs.The toxoplasmosis parasite can infect your placenta and your baby and cause a condition called congenital toxoplasmosis.congenital toxoplasmosis in early pregnancy can lead to miscarriage.Congenital toxoplasmosis can affect your baby's brain, causing problems such as mental or motor developmental delays, cerebral palsy, and epilepsy. It can affect other organs too, most commonly the eyes, leading to visual impairment and sometimes blindness.The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) doesn't recommend screening pregnant women, with the exception of those who are HIV-positive or when infection is suspected.
Best time to get tested
Preconception or Throughout pregnancy
Sampling
Mother (blood sample)


HIV screening test
HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, is the virus that causes AIDS.Doctors recommend all pregnant women get tested for HIV. Medications are available to prevent the spread of the virus to your unborn baby.
Best time to get tested
Preconception or first trimester; may be repeated in third trimester if at high risk
Sampling
Mother (blood sample)


Hepatitis B and hepatitis C screening
Hepatitis B and hepatitis C are serious infections that affect the liver. Both diseases are contagious and caused by viruses. Both can lead to serious, long-term illness.All pregnant women are tested for hepatitis B and hepatitis C.Not only does a pregnant woman face the risks of hepatitis herself, she also can pass the viruses to her baby.
Best time to get tested
Preconception or first trimester; may be repeated in the third trimester if at high risk
Sampling
Mother (blood sample)

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